Reducing our plastic and rubbish.

One day in a factory, next day in a supermarket, next day in a house, next day in the bin.  Oh well, it’s just another piece of plastic - not that big a deal… Wrong! That piece of plastic is one of the eight million metric tonnes of plastic that go into the ocean each year. The ocean has become the overflow for our rubbish, but most of our rubbish goes into landfill, and we are producing more and more rubbish, so we are creating and filling more and more landfills - yuck!  And our plastic causes other problems too.  It starts its life in factories where it is made into things we buy, and out of those factories comes gases like Ozone, which is harmful to people and crops.

Factories aren’t the only contributors to our damaged planet. We, the ones who live on this planet, the humans who God has made in his image and who God told to look after this planet, are the ones who should be trying to save the planet.  There are so many ways we could save the planet.  It might take a while but I’m sure we could do it.  One of those ways is to stop buying so much, especially plastic.  We keep buying and wanting, so factories keep producing and polluting.  We have done this process so many times that we have produced more plastic in ten years than we have in the whole last century.

WHAT?!!!  That’s crazy, right?  But where does it all go?  Well, the earth wasn’t built with a giant rubbish bin, so we make one ourselves - a lot of them actually - landfills. Just in Australia, there are 600 officially registered landfills, so really, there are probably a lot more, and we just try to ignore it and live like they don’t exist. That may have worked for a while, but not anymore. Landfills are getting so big that some of them get up to 2,200 acres, That’s bad!!!!

What’s also bad is our oceans. There is so much rubbish in them that it is guessed that by 2050 there will be more plastic than fish (https://www.businessinsider.com.au/plastic-in-ocean-outweighs-fish-evidence-report-2017-1?r=US&IR=T ) and already eight million metric tonnes of plastic goes into our oceans each year. That then makes things like ‘the great pacific garbage patch’, which is a collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean that stretches across the water from the west coast of North America to Japan. WHAT!!!!? And all that’s only been collecting since about the 1950s (https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/great-pacific-garbage-patch/ ).

Our rubbish isn’t just affecting the fish and undersea animals though; it is affecting the birds. They are looking at our colourful plastic and think ‘wow that looks like the perfect food or my chick’, so they get it, fly back to their nests and feed it to their babies then because the chicks aren’t supposed to eat plastic they die. That is happening even on islands far out from the coast because the rubbish is travelled by wind and currents. An artist called Chris Jordan went and visited one of those islands only to find a heap of dead birds. He cut them open only to find them stuffed with plastic and rubbish. He made a photography exhibition about it to show people what they are doing. (http://www.chrisjordan.com/gallery/albatross/#trailer ).

Some people may say that we can’t live without plastic because it is used for so much, and it is so cheap and useful. It could take some time to get used to, but it will be easier the sooner we do it because it hasn’t even been around that long. And anyway, Scientists have actually proved that all this stuff we are consuming isn’t actually making us any happier. It is making our happiness decrease because we don’t have enough time to do the things we like. We go to school or work, come home and watch TV which tells us we’re not good enough, then go buy more, and we go around in that cycle.

So that is why I think we should start trying to reduce our plastic today, bit by bit. Every bit counts, so we should try only buying what you need next time you go shopping, or check that your putting your things in the right bins.

Step by step, until we succeed. 

By Eden

ARE YOU GOING TO PUT AN END TO PIRATES?

Imagine working hard, putting months of effort into a project only to have it stolen from you with, no reward for all of your hard work. Internet piracy is theft, plain and simple and we need to put a stop to it. Pirates steal money, jobs and creativity and add inappropriate content to the pirated sites.

 If we call ourselves fans of artists, can we not at least pay for the music that we love? In total, 95% of music downloaded is pirated on the internet. (GO-Gulf, 2011) Artists, directors, actors, actresses and producers put months of effort and creativity into making a final product and the response they get is theft. 35 .2 % of all pirated items are movies and on average there are 1.2 billion songs illegally downloaded each year. These pirates need to be stopped as they are causing TV channels, studios, albums and films to be shut down because of their theft. Kimberly James, President of the Indie label CBM Records says,  

 “If you love the artist, the band or the producer, buy it. If you don’t have the money to buy it, then you have other avenues of listening these days that AT LEAST pays them something, but don’t just take their hard work.” (Granados, 2016)

 People who are active pirates believe that because there are so many ways to illegally download music and films, it gives them a green light to go ahead and pirate. These pirates don’t realize that it is causing a loss of 1.3 billion dollars in Australia alone. (GO-Gulf, 2011)

 Secondly, the advertisements that follow pirated websites and apps is harmful to children and teens. Film piracy among 12-17 year olds has almost doubled in the past year. (GO-Gulf, 2011) The more people who pirate, the more websites are accessible, and with them, follow pornographic and violent content. Do we really want our youth viewing these advertisements?

 Yes, I understand that we can have control over what our child views, but do we really need to go to that much trouble when these pirates could just stop creating these harmful websites?

 Do you know that over 375,000 jobs are lost each year in the United States due to internet piracy? (2011). We cannot keep allowing these people to lose their jobs because of this thievery. The loss of income to these families affects their lifestyle until they find another job, which can take months. Not only is internet piracy affecting these people’s lives but also these industries. There is a 12.5 billion dollar loss each year in the music industry alone. Some artists that get ripped off from internet piracy could start losing confidence in their music or films. Pirating music and films is offensive to the producers and musicians.

Keith Kupferschmid, CEO of the Copyright Alliance, states,

            “Piracy arguably hurts independent creators who are struggling to make it – including photographers, film producers, musicians and app developers – more than that it harms established artists. Independent creators are striving to earn a livelihood and make a career. When they are pirated they lose essential income, they lose confidence, and the lost income prevents them from re-investing in their creative work.” (Granados. 2017)

Pirates may say that there is no perceived loss of money to the industries, and 70% of online users believe that there is nothing wrong with internet piracy but there is a huge loss every year. Are we really going to believe that internet piracy isn’t morally wrong?  The fact that there are so many advertisements against piracy would be a red light to those who pirate to stop.

 In conclusion, piracy needs to be stopped. These pirates who steal artists’ and producers’ creativity and income, need to be caught and the loss of money to the industries needs to be stopped. Why don’t we stand up to these pirates, stop pirating and start giving artists the credit and money they deserve? By Sierra

References:

Dex, R. (2010, December 16). 1.2 billion songs illegally downloaded each year. Retrieved from INDEPENDANT: http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/music/news/12-billion-songs-downloaded-illegally-2161907.html

Granados, N. (2016, February 1). Forbes. Retrieved from How Online Piracy Hurts Emerging Artists: https://www.forbes.com/sites/nelsongranados/2016/02/01/how-online-piracy-hurts-emerging-artists/#c2273d777741

Online Piracy in Number. (2011, November 11). Retrieved from GO-Gulf: https://www.go-gulf.com/blog/online-piracy/

Worldwide, M. B. (2006, December 6). WHY DOES THE RIAA HATE TORRENT SITES SO MUCH? Retrieved from Music Buisiness Worldwide: https://www.musicbusinessworldwide.com/why-does-the-riaa-hate-torrent-sites-so-much/

We Shouldn't Waste Food!

Imagine going to the grocery shop and buying your weekly food then throwing away one bag of your fresh groceries every week. Food waste is a big problem and it needs to be stopped. Food wasting is bad for the Earth and the environment, wastes money, and wastes resources. If we all work together, this problem of food wasting can be changed!

To start with, wasting food is bad, and destructive for the Earth’s environment. When food rots with other organics in landfill, it gives off methane gas, which is 25x more powerful than carbon pollution. Food waste can also cause infestation of rodents, which can cause disease and sickness to spread to everyone. It is also unjust that we toss out perfectly good, excess food, while people in the world are dying every second.

Secondly, wasting food also wastes your money. In Australia, we throw out 8 billion dollars’ worth of edible food each year. If we didn’t throw out that food, we could use that 8 billion dollars for something much more useful. Many food shops throw out vegetables, fruits and even processed food that are perfect on the inside but are just not up to standard for selling because they have bruises, are oddly shaped, have dents in the tin, or are just out of date. Instead of throwing perfectly good food away to landfill, we should do something useful with it like giving it away to homeless people that don’t have money to buy food.  Australia wastes so much food. We throw out 20% of what we buy. Each household throws out 345kg of food each year!

Lastly, wasting food wastes resources. When you toss out food, you’re also wasting everything that helped make it. For example, you are also wasting the fertilizer and water that helped make that plant grow, or kept that animal hydrated; or wasting valuable fuel that all the machines had to use for producing the food. You are also wasting plastic (the packaging) when you throw out wrapped food which can pollute the earth, if you don’t throw it away in the right bin. Did you know that Australia throws away so many plastic bags each year, that if you tied them together you could wrap them around the world 24 times? It is a great idea to get a compost bin or have a vegetable garden. That way, you can know what's in your food and it is also less expensive and doesn’t waste as many resources.

Many people believe that it is okay to throw out food because it is “organic” and that all food provides compost. 20% of landfill is food waste and because it is underground with many other things, it takes longer to break down. Compost is also an unreliable bi-product because many foods have chemicals in them. Food waste also gives off methane gas, which is dangerous for us and our environment.

We need to stop buying food we don’t need and then waste. If we buy food, we must make sure we eat it! Wasting food is not sustainable for our earth, wastes our money and wastes many valuable resources. Next time you go to the grocery store, make sure to not throw out a bag of fresh food! If we all work together we can slowly change this problem of food waste.

By Naomi

Bibliography

http://www.foodwise.com.au/foodwaste/food-waste-fast-facts/

http://www.taste.com.au/articles/food-waste-facts/P3BWVeLp

https://foodtank.com/news/2015/06/world-environment-day-10-facts-about-food-waste-from-bcfn/

It’s theft, pure and simple.

Would you like it if someone stole something you put millions of dollars into?

Here are three reasons why I think that internet piracy is wrong: it’s theft; you are stealing profit from people who put their heart and soul into making enjoyable entertainment for you; you are taking other people’s jobs (you may not know it but there are hundreds of jobs that need to be done to create your movies, software and music); and finally, malware is in over half of all pirated sites.

But those are just three reasons, there are many more.

It is theft.

Lara's pic.jpg

It costs millions of dollars just to create movies, software and music. Let alone getting them everywhere they need to go, and every time that you download something without paying you’re taking money that people should’ve earned. 12.5billion dollars is lost due to music piracy and 1.8billion dollars is lost to the movie industry, that’s money they can no longer spend on the next album or the next movie to make it even more enjoyable for you. So, in a way we’re stealing from ourselves.

Jobs

In his article George Reed said, “We don’t think about the thousands of ordinary people who work for the entertainment industry” (2010), and he was true, we don’t. It’s that, or we just don’t care because all we think of is our own entertainment, which is truly sad. 750,000 jobs have been lost in the entertainment industry due to internet piracy and 71,000 jobs are lost every year, and every single one of them are ordinary people trying to put food on the table and pay the bills, just like everyone else.

Pirated sites.

60% of all pirated website have malware implanted in them so when you log on to the site it can steal your personal ID and use it for many unlawful things, like a fake passport, credit cards and just general fraud. It could plant a virus on your computer and hack your bank details out of your computer, then hackers purchase stuff under your name. Nearly all sites have disgusting pornographic ads that we don’t need to see.

It causes the industry to evolve and try new security measures.

Yes, it causes the industry to evolve because you are stealing jobs and money from people who did nothing but try to create an enjoyable experience for you, so saying that industry to evolve is a good thing, is just plain stupid. And it costs more money to “evolve” because it comes out of the fund for the next movie, album or software update, so you are cutting yourself short.

It’s not stealing it is just copying.

That is just dumb. It is downloading, or taking something, that other people put hundreds of hours of work in to make. Without paying for it, that’s stealing. Not paying also has a knock-on affect. If people keep not paying, the economy will struggle big time, which can have a negative effect on you. So, really, you’re just shooting yourself in the foot, for a 1 ½ hour movie.

In an article, George Reed said, “it’s theft, pure and simple” (2010). I could not agree more, so my position is still that internet piracy is theft, pure and simple.   

Internet piracy is just not worth it. There are just too many bad things that come from it to even bother about doing it.

Would you like it if someone stole your hard work and effort? So don’t steal there’s!

By Jackson

Bibliography

Reed, G., 2010, It’s Theft, Pure and Simple

4 stroke motorbikes are better than 2 stokes

What would you prefer, a bit of extra power for a short amount of time, or save heaps of money, be safer and a lot better for the environment?

4-Stroke motorbikes are better than 2-Stroke.

If you buy a 4-Stroke motorbike you will save money and here are a few reasons why.

4-Strokes use a lot less fuel because they only cause one spark for every 4 strokes of the engine. Using less fuel means you can go further distances without having to stop and it is also much better for the environment. We only have a certain amount of fuel on the planet and we can’t get it back once we have used it up, so the less fuel we use, the better. Fuel can go to things like heating, and machines that make our cities and houses. We rely on fuel for our life and we can’t go around burning it unnecessarily.

Reliability is a big part of sustainability, so I think it’s an important part of engines as well. 4-Strokes are much more reliable than 2-Strokes. They have less moving parts and the ones that do move break a lot slower. This is good for our wallets as well as our planet. Because parts don’t break very often, or not at all, you don’t need to buy spare parts and also the factory that makes the parts will pollute less because they don’t need to make as many parts. Being more reliable also means more safety because you don’t need to worry about breaking down somewhere in the middle of nowhere with no fuel or a broken engine.

4-Strokes are faster in the long run because they use less fuel, and also break down less. Also, once a 4-Stroke gets going, it’s faster.

Some people would think that 2-Strokes are better because they can produce power quicker than 4-Strokes. A lot of people also think that 2 strokes sound better and are more fun to ride.  Although 2-Strokes are faster as soon as you accelerate, 4 strokes are faster off road because they have controlled power and an easier ride. 2 strokes do sound better, but because they are so loud, unless you want your neighbours calling the police on you, you can only hear it if you spend more money to drive somewhere where there are no people around.

4-Strokes are better than 2 strokes!

So, it’s your choice. Either be selfish and get a 2-Stroke, which wouldn’t be very smart because they’re bad, or be nice to the planet that we live on, while also having a much better motorbike. By Matthew

References

http://www.deepscience.com/articles/engines.html

http://www.mechanicalbooster.com/2014/06/difference-between-2-stroke-and-4-stroke-engines.html

https://www.motosport.com/blog/choosing-between-a-125-2-stroke-or-250-4-stroke

Food Shouldn't be Wasted

‘Hey, there goes another bin of those stinky rotten food scraps!’

You’d think that’s just another bin right? WRONG! It’s a potentially wasted pile of methane-infested food scraps. Food should not be wasted because it’s biodegradable and can turn into soil. When food is put in landfills it gets buried then doesn’t get to break down and is harmful to the environment. Money is wasted on buying food when we only really need half of it and it could be used in other ways, as compost and to feed animals. 

The foods we put in landfills has no purpose except to break down but that is the exact thing it’s not doing. Scientists have proven that food and paper scraps do not biodegrade properly because when the dirt gets laid over it, the oxygen decreases the process to a snail’s pace.1 Methane gas comes from the rotting food scraps and turns into dangerous greenhouse gasses. Apart from all these, it just takes up a whole lot of space in landfills; space where lots of other things could be put.

We all love food right? Right!  Well maybe a bit too much. You see, people buy so much food that almost half of all fruit produced is wasted or thrown out!2. When we look in our cupboards and see a bunch of overdue, use-by dates, all that food being thrown out could have been used if we didn’t buy so much and just bought what we needed. If we bought less food then there wouldn’t be so much manufacturing and packaging that needs to be paid for. Behind the scenes of many shops, imperfect food cans, boxes and tins get thrown away with the contents still intact because they might be about to go past the best-before-date, or for possible health reasons. Luckily, in some cities, there are organizations that save the food and take it to charities instead of throwing it, but this needs to happen all over the globe! 3.

Food can be used in different ways, for instance, chickens and pet food; it’s easier than buying complete big bags of pet food. When you think about it, everything makes sense. It’s like a circle: you pay for food; you give the scraps to the animals; they eat it and poo it out; you use it in the dirt to fertilize the plants; then you can sell your produce and make a profit. If you don’t have animals or chickens, you could always put the scraps in a worm farm, or compost bins, then after time it will have turned into lovely healthy soil to grow fruit, vegetables and flowers. It is also very healthy for garden bed soil.

People probably don’t realize they’re wasting so much food and money, or they think it’s organic so it doesn’t matter if it does go to landfill. People just don’t understand, or don’t know, that food doesn’t biodegrade in landfills, and that’s where the problem starts. When we do our big shops on the weekend we usually just get everything on the list. We don’t actually think it through and recognize that we might not even need a quarter of the list. That would save us all time, money and food. I don’t agree with buying everything on the list because it’s literally costing us the earth.

Food shouldn’t be wasted because it has additional jobs other than supposedly biodegrading in landfills. Next time you go to put food scraps in the bin, think of all the different things you could do with it. Our planet deserves to be healthy and treated with respect.

‘Hey, there goes another bin of those stinky rotten food scraps. You’d think it’s just another bin right? WRONG! It’s a potentially wasted pile of methane infested food scraps’.

By Kyla-Jay

 References

1. Kirk, V. (2015). Garbage Mountain. National Geographic. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F6O2yG8MrMU

 2. Kahn, R. (2004). Oz Harvest. Frost Collective. http://www.ozharvest.org/fightfoodwaste/food-waste-facts/

3. Porter, R., (2017) Personal communication. Hinterland Christian College.

Stop Waste in Our Water Way

I look up, the blue sky high above me. I look down, far below me, the clear blue water full of dolphins and marine life. What a beautiful site! I see a piece of plastic floating by. It makes me think. If 1,088,621.688 kilograms of plastic are entering the ocean every hour, then one day, all this beauty will be gone, replaced with plastic.

We should prevent waste getting into our waterways, because it is killing thousands of animals. I think that the amount of waste that ends up in our water ways is a big issue, to which we need to find a solution.

Chloe pic.jpg

Coral bleaching in the Great Barrier Reef, albatrosses on Midway Atoll dying from eating plastic, and marine animals being killed or becoming greatly ill from waste, are just a few of the many impacts that waste is having on our water ways.      

Waste is having a destructive Impact on The Great Barrier Reef. When waste and chemicals, such as cleaning products, end up in The Great Barrier Reef it effects the quality of the water. This, along with Global Warming, make the water warmer, causing the coral to get stressed. When coral gets stressed it causes coral bleaching. Coral can survive a bleaching event, but it puts them under more stress, which makes it less likely that they will survive another bleaching event.

Waste is negatively impacting bird life. Chris Jordan visited Midway Atoll, a remote cluster of islands more than 3,200 kilometres from the nearest continent. He found that our massive need for consumption has come to rest in the most unlikely place, birds’ stomachs. Albatrosses feed their young plastic that’s floating in the sea and scattered around the islands, mistaking it for food. They then suffer a long and painful death.

A huge number of marine animals die from mistaking plastic for food or becoming entangled in plastic waste. Plastic causes more than 100 million marine animal deaths each year. One plastic bag can kill many marine animals, making the amount of marine life deaths caused by plastic waste higher. Eight million tons of plastic end up in our water ways each year.

Some people think that the earth has so many water ways and our oceans are huge, so how could something as small as a piece of plastic be a big issue? Some people think that their individual actions don’t matter so they don’t do anything or they’re just ignorant.  

When shopping, take a reusable bag rather than using a plastic bag. Buy a reusable drink bottle, rather than using hundreds of plastic ones. Instead of shopping at a supermarket, shop at a local farmers’ market. Buy food in bulk wherever possible. This uses a lot less plastic as well as saving you money.

From waste impacting the Great Barrier Reef to Marine animals dying from plastic, waste in our water Ways is an issue that we need to pay attention to. Waste Having a Destructive Impact on The Great Barrier Reef, baby albatross dying from eating plastic and other waste, and marine life dying from plastic may make you feel like there’s all these bad things happening and there’s nothing you can do. This isn’t true! Even if all you did was take a reusable bag every time you went shopping, you would save about 700 plastic bags. Imagine how much plastic we would save if everyone in the world did this. We need to act now! Tomorrow is too late. By Chloe

Bibliography

Plastic statistics published by Ocean Crusaders ND. http://oceancrusaders.org/plastic-crusades/plastic-statistics/

Ten ways to reduce plastic pollution By Sarah Engler. Produced by NDCR on the 5th of January 2016. http://oceancrusaders.org/plastic-crusades/plastic-statistics/

These 5 Marine Animals Are Dying Because of Our Plastic Trash, Here’s how we can Help (N.D.) http://www.onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/marine-animals-are-dying-because-of-our-plastic-trash/

Information about sea turtles: threats from marine debris, Published by Sea Turtle Conservatory (N.D.) https://conserveturtles.org/information-sea-turtles-threats-marine-debris/

The Great Barrier Reef published by WWF (N.D.) http://www.wwf.org.au/what-we-do/oceans/great-barrier-reef#gs.7H9ULo4

Are You an Everyday Pirate?

The everyday robbery must end!

‘Internet piracy is the unlawful reproduction and/or distribution of any copyrighted digital file that can change hands over the internet. This can be done with music files, videos and movies, e-books, software and other materials.’ (Adam Hill, 2012). Besides the fact that piracy is morally wrong, it is also producing a lot of money for the wrong people and is therefore ruining the industries. With over 53 billion visits a year to online piracy sites, you were probably involved in at least one. 

Internet piracy is getting higher than ever before and it is up to us to make a change. We are living in an age of technology and we certainly don’t like being limited by what our local video store or online streaming companies have on offer. No, we want everything at the drop of a hat. What we are not realising is that piracy is a form of theft, seeing as the users don’t own the copyrighted material. This is why adds such as ‘Piracy it’s a Crime’ have been created and added to the beginning of movies as an un-skippable clip (this add shows a man stealing a number of different things and compares those crimes to downloading and pirating movies).   

Using online piracy sites come at a high risk, as 99% of ads have the potential to expose our devices to malware (Brett Lamb, pg. 25) as well as the possibility of receiving large criminal and civil penalties. Internet piracy can ‘leave you with a felony record, accompanied by up to five years of jail time and fines up to $250, 000’ (RIAA, n.d.). Are you willing to take that risk?

Lara's pic.jpg

Internet piracy is making a lot of money for the wrong people. Runners of piracy sites are making millions of dollars by advertising things like pornography, gambling scams and other inappropriate materials with not a cent going back to the original creators. There is a $12.5 billion loss in the music industry due to Internet piracy with up to 99% of music downloaded from online being illegal and the average iPod these days containing $800 worth of pirated music (Go-Gulf, 2011).

Producing movies and music is expensive and by not purchasing them we are affecting the profit made and therefore impacting the ability to create more. Although you may be thinking that you are only one person and surely your actions won’t affect the entire industries, there are people all around the globe thinking the same thing and collectively, it is making an enormous impact. Thankfully, today there are many legitimate, easy and affordable ways to access this content. There are great apps, like Spotify Premium and Apple Music that provide access to over 30 million songs for only $9.99 per month. Apps like Netflix and Stan do the same for movies and TV shows, for between $8-$10 per month. Surely, we are capable of paying the price we would for 3 cups of coffee for access to all this great content?

We are all responsible for the devastation we are causing on the movie and music industries. 750,000 jobs (Wayne Scholes, 2014) and $2.7 billion in workers earnings (Go-Gulf, 2011) are being lost each year due to Internet piracy. What if it was your job and passion on the line?

So the question is, are you going to continue robbing these hard working people of their jobs and rightfully earned money, or are you going to help make a change? By Lara